NT Use of OT Part 11: Some Observations Concerning Matthew's Purposes in Matt 1--2

Written by Michael Vlach on .

I now want to start addressing three difficult and controversial uses of the OT in Matthew 1–2. In doing so I acknowledge that there is much debate on these three passages and I have chosen not to go into much depth on how different camps understand and interpret these texts. I mostly want to focus on my understanding of these three texts and how they fit into Matthew’s purposes.

NT Use of OT Part 10: Affirmation of an Old Testament Prophetic Text Whose Fulfillment Is Still Future

Written by Michael Vlach on .

On several occasions Jesus quoted Old Testament texts that predicted future events and affirmed that these events would take place in the future. John the apostle also does this in Rev 1:7. This is true for events such as the reward for the righteous, the abomination of desolation, cosmic signs, the Messiah’s coming on the clouds, and the Messiah’s rule over the earth and consequent reign of His saints. We call this category of NT usage of the OT—"Affirmation of OT Prophetic Text Whose Fulfillment Is Still Future."

NT Use of OT Part 9: Literal Restatement of an OT Passage with Intensification or Alteration

Written by Michael Vlach on .

With Matt 5:21-48, Jesus quotes several statements from the Law as He is describing what He expects from His followers. On six occasions Jesus refers to an OT command but then follows these with, "But I say to you" to indicate that He was about to intensify or alter the OT commands. Thus Jesus quotes the OT passages contextually but then offers more. We will call this usage of the OT—"Literal Restatement of OT Passage with Intensification or Alteration"

NT Use of OT Part 7: Literal Prophetic Fulfillment (2)

Written by Michael Vlach on .

In my last entry I offered nine examples of Literal Prophetic Fulfillment of OT passages in the NT. Below are eleven more examples:

Matt 21:4-5 / Zech 9:9
"This took place to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet: 
‘SAY TO THE DAUGHTER OF ZION,
"BEHOLD YOUR KING IS COMING TO YOU,
GENTLE, AND MOUNTED ON A DONKEY,
EVEN ON A COLT, THE FOAL OF A BEAST OF BURDEN."'"

NT Use of OT Part 6: Literal Prophetic Fulfillment

Written by Michael Vlach on .

On many occasions the NT writers used the OT to indicate a literal fulfillment of something explicitly promised or predicted in the OT in verbal form. Thus, what was explicitly promised in the OT is now said to be fulfilled in the NT. We can call this category of OT usage "Literal Prophetic Fulfillment." This category is usually accepted by most Evangelicals and is one of the least controversial of the categories. Since the examples of Literal Prophetic Fulfillment are numerous we will have to document these cases in multiple blog entries. Below are nine such cases:

NT use of OT Part 4: Contextual Use of the OT by the NT Writers

Written by Michael Vlach on .

Before we discuss specific passages in regard to NT use of the OT, I think there are some basic principles that can help navigate us through the hundreds of uses of the OT in the NT. For this entry I want to focus on one principle:
The majority of NT uses of the OT reveal a common sense literal and contextual understanding of the OT texts by the NT writers.

NT Use of OT Part 3: Resources for Studying NT Use of the OT

Written by Michael Vlach on .

 

I want to recommend several books, articles, and chapters that you may find helpful when studying how the NT authors used the OT. I am not saying I agree with every resource below or that I identity with every author mentioned, but these are works that the serious student of NT use of the OT should consider studying:

NT Use of OT Part 2: Seven Approaches to How the NT Uses the OT

Written by Michael Vlach on .

With this blog entry I want to survey what I believe are seven different approaches used by scholars to understand how the NT uses the OT. This is not a defense or refutation of any of these approaches, but an explanation of the main positions. Note that these are brief and broad descriptions and do not indicate nuances and subdivisions that could exist within each camp. But I do think the list below gives a basic understanding of the main camps or approaches that exist in regard to how the NT authors used the OT. I will comment on each of these camps at a later date:

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